Data: Indigent Defense

New from BJS:

State Government Indigent Defense Expenditures, FY 2008-2012 is available at

  • Provides data on state government indigent defense expenditures for fiscal years 2008 through 2012.

Indigent Defense Services in The United States, FY 2008-2012 is available at

  • Describes the indigent defense system for each state and the District of Columbia, including information on administration, methods of operation, and funding.

CFP: Institutional Design Futures: Higher Education

Call for Conference Papers

Institutional Design Futures: Higher Education

Center for Organization Research and Design College of Public Programs

Arizona State University

The Center for Organization Research and Design at Arizona State University is accepting proposals for conference papers for the April 2015 conference, “Institutional Design Futures: Higher Education.”

Issues of organizational theory and institutional design begin to transcend the boundary between theory and practice as the Obama administration continues its push to create a new college rating system. The stated ambition of making access to public resources contingent upon institutional performance raises a host of important considerations for the future of higher education. As new organizational forms emerge in the realm of higher education and new public policies aim to protect public investments therein, questions rise relative to the attributes of organizations that promote and stifle public value.

Conference topics include: Institutional setting and “Dimensional publicness” in higher education; public, private and for-profit sector differences in higher education and public value assessments of university performance, the evolution and future designs of universities.

Insights from all perspectives including (but not limited to) economics, public administration, organizational studies, sociology and higher education are welcomed. A special emphasis is placed on empirical contributions, both qualitative and quantitative, but conceptual papers will be considered.

The conference will feature a mix of scholarly research and practitioner experience with keynote speeches by eminent researchers but also academic administrative leaders. A moderated plenary panel will feature presidents and past-presidents of major universities discussing the conference themes, particularly future institutional designs.

An objective of the conference is to include conference papers in a special issue of a major journal and other papers will be chosen for inclusion in an edited book volume.

Proposals for papers or panels are due by October 15, 2014. Please submit proposals, not to exceed 250 words, Dr. Derrick Anderson (address below).

The conference will take place at the Scottsdale Resort ( in Scottsdale, Arizona on April 9-10, 2015.

For more information please consult the conference website ( or contact:

Dr. Barry Bozeman (
Arizona Centennial Professor of Technology Policy and Public Management Director, Center for Organization Research and Design
Arizona State University

Dr. Derrick Anderson (
Assistant Professor
School of Public Affairs & Center for Organization Research and Design Arizona State University

Is the future MPA/MPP subscription-based?

That’s the idea for MBA training from Christian Terwiesch of Wharton:

This report examines the emergence of the Massively Open Online Course (MOOC) and its impact on business schools. Business schools provide a bundle of benefits to students, only one of which is learning specific academic subjects. The focal technology relevant to business schools is not the MOOC but rather a technology embedded within the MOOC — chunked asynchronous video paired with adaptive testing, a technology we call “SuperText.” The SuperText technology opens up at least three pathways for business schools. Via one pathway, SuperText allows institutions to serve more students better and/or more efficiently. Via a second pathway, institutions can serve existing students with fewer faculty members. Along a third pathway, the functions of a business school are unbundled and business schools as we know them are substantially displaced by alternatives. These pathways can be thought of as a menu of options for a business school contemplating how to use the new technologies. Alternatively, these pathways are scenarios that could unfold with or without the active participation of an institution. Although our focus is on business schools, we believe the analysis is relevant to higher education more generally.

In an interview with the Chronicle’s Wired Campus, this is the scenario he suggested:

“A long time can elapse between learning a chunk of knowledge and applying it,” write the two professors. They compare a Wharton degree to a Swiss Army knife: “You buy it today to use one day, but you know neither when you will use it nor which part of the knife you will use first.” More often than not, they say, students experience graduate school and its benefits in this order: “learn-learn-learn-certify-wait-wait-wait-deploy.”

Buying the whole knife upfront made sense when taking courses required students to move to Philadelphia. But the professors, who are among those at Wharton who have been experimenting with MOOCs, are increasingly convinced that online courses can be sufficient to teach specific skills to capable, invested students.

Like it or not, we are all faced with these choices …

7 books on my desk

What I’m reading now:

About the Lepore critique of Christensen’s theory of disruption in “Innovator’s Dilemma”

Jill Lepore offers in the recent New Yorker a useful and interesting critique of Clayton Christensen’s “Innovator’s Dilemma”. In that book, Christensen lays out an ambitious theory of disruptive innovation as a way of describing the rise and fall of companies due to technological change driven largely by outside entrepreneurs.

As Lepore describes, the book has had a huge impact in many sectors of the economy – spawning events like the Techcrunch Disrupt conference, a new degree in disruption at Southern Cal, the recent firing of the New York Times editor, and Christensen’s famous quote that half of all universities will be bankrupt in the next 15 years.

Her point isn’t that disruption never happens. Her point is that the evidence for this theory is fragmented – that Christensen’s cases support his theory less than he claims.

Her critique is useful for those of us who use illustrative cases to support broader, more general theories. It’s also useful for those who buy into theories not based on the purported evidence, but because the theory resonates with a worldview, or because our affective reactions to the world (in this case, fear about upheaval in the economy) cause us to see the theory everywhere (that we’ll all be disrupted).

One might criticize the chattiness of the Lepore critique. Such a complaint could be made about Innovator’s Dilemma itself, which reads like a long New Yorker article.

Just because Amazon exists, it doesn’t mean that everything is a bookstore. And even if a disruptor out there thinks he’s Jeff Bezos and that your organization is a bookstore, the Seagate case tells us that all incumbents began as startups, and that established incumbents often have strong Porteresque competitive advantages.

Fulbright Scholar Program deadlines

In the mail:

A word of advice from CIES – the deadline for Fulbright Core applications for Academic Year 2015-2016 is August 1st. Less than a month away.

This year’s competition includes 584 awards. Of these, 419 are All Discipline awards and are open to applicants from virtually any discipline – from Computer Science to Art. Scholars and professionals from post-docs to emeriti are able to apply for programs all over the globe.

For information about awards offered in specific disciplines or areas of the world and about the application, see our archived Webinars or register for an upcoming one. The Fulbright Scholar Application and Reviewing Your Fulbright Application Package might prove to be helpful for those with questions about the application process.

Upcoming webinars include:

08 July – Fulbright Opportunities in Europe: A Second Look at Central and Eastern Europe

09 July – Fulbright Distinguished Awards

11 July – All Discipline Awards – What Are They?

14 July – Have You Thought About? – Some Hidden Gems

17 July – Fulbright Flex Awards

18 July – How to Craft a Successful Project Statement

23 July – Reviewing Your Fulbright Application Package

30 July – Reviewing Your Fulbright Application Package 2